The elderly brain is more vulnerable to the adverse effects of surgery and anesthesia compared with the younger brain. Both anecdotally and in clinical investigation, the elderly surgical population has been found to exhibit a significantly higher prevalence of postoperative cognitive decline. The most common manifestations of this decline are postoperative delirium (POD) and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD).
In the United States, nearly half a million hip replacement surgeries are performed every year because of trauma and various forms of arthritis. These conditions tend to affect older adults, and as a long-term care provider, there is a good chance that you will care for a senior who has had a hip replacement.
Elderly nursing home residents experience more surgical complications than other elders their age, a new study finds. The primary reasons are facility residents typically have other advanced medical problems and may often be too frail for many ordered procedures, researchers said.
The link between surgery and cognitive decline in older patients may not be as strong as originally thought, new research suggests.