A Republican budget plan unveiled in the House of Representatives Tuesday would slash healthcare spending by $732 billion over the next decade, in part by reengineering Medicaid. The proposed changes would jeopardize benefits for a huge number of nursing home residents, critics said.
House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan (R-WI) was the chief architect of the plan for fiscal year 2015, and its healthcare provisions are similar to his past budgets. He envisions transforming Medicaid from an “open-ended entitlement” into a block grant system that would give a fixed amount of federal money to states, which would have more control over how the program would be run.
Deeply reducing the federal government’s contributions to Medicaid could restrict enrollment and hurt “millions of seniors in nursing homes,” said Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), the top Democrat on the Budget Committee. Long-term care provider associations have spoken out against a switch to block grants in the past.
Ryan also proposed a system of Medicare “premium support,” in which beneficiaries would receive government subsidies to help them purchase private insurance. Democrats have derided this as a “voucher” plan, saying it would lead to higher out-of-pocket costs for seniors; Republicans counter that fee-for-service Medicare is financially unsustainable, and their plan would foster more competitive insurance rates and increase consumer choice.
Ryan and his counterpart in the Senate — Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA) — reached a budget compromise in December, creating a plan for spending through the end of 2015. Therefore, Ryan’s budget proposal is not likely to gain real traction. Like President Barack Obama’s proposed budget — which Ryan described as a “campaign brochure” — the House GOP plan is seen more as a statement of policy priorities heading into November’s mid-term elections.