Resident care

Discovery could speed sepsis treatment

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Nursing home residents might benefit from a new way of diagnosing and treating sepsis made possible by a discovery at the University of British Columbia.

First COPD guide promotes shots, better management

First COPD guide promotes shots, better management

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Patients with COPD should get pneumococcal and flu vaccines to manage their disease and ward off complications, according to new guidelines issued by two of North America's largest thoracic societies.

Depression tool's accuracy questioned

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A familiar tool for diagnosing depression in dementia patients might not be very effective in the nursing home setting, according to recent findings in The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Grief could weaken seniors'  immune systems, study finds

Grief could weaken seniors' immune systems, study finds

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The elderly are more likely than younger people to have compromised immunity and experience infections while grieving, according to a British study.

Study gives bathing gloves thumbs-up

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Nursing homes could save money and improve resident skin care by using disposable wash gloves rather than giving traditional soap-and-water bed baths, according to recently published research.

Agencies offer resource for improving LGBT inclusion

Agencies offer resource for improving LGBT inclusion

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Many older lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults residing in long-term care facilities do not feel safe being open about their sexual identities, experts say.

Familiar songs ease Alzheimer's: study

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Singing familiar songs may encourage conversation among people with Alzheimer's disease, a small study shows.

Providers warming up to free dementia resource, feds note

Providers warming up to free dementia resource, feds note

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Nursing homes are no longer returning or refusing a free dementia care training resource, according to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Study: IV feeding guidelines need revision

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Current guidelines for intravenous feeding may need revisions to prevent bloodstream infections more effectively, a new study suggests.

1 in 3 knee surgeries in the U.S. may be 'inappropriate'

1 in 3 knee surgeries in the U.S. may be 'inappropriate'

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Nearly one-third of knee replacement surgeries in the U.S. may be classified as "inappropriate," Virginia researchers found in a new study.

Study takes a closer look at falling risks

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While it is clear that poor vision increases the risk of falling, improved vision might also increase this risk, a new study suggests.

Tool gives providers a leg up when assessing malnutrition

Tool gives providers a leg up when assessing malnutrition

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The calf circumference of residents is a "good substitute" for body mass index when using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form, according to a study published in May.

Investigators put faith in religious music

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Listening to religious music helps seniors increase their life satisfaction and self-esteem, and decreases anxiety around death, a new analysis shows.

Dementia increases risk for  hospital readmission by 20%

Dementia increases risk for hospital readmission by 20%

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Seniors are more likely to be rehospitalized within 30 days of discharge if they have dementia, and the risk increases if they are taking an antipsychotic medication, according to recently published research.

Feds seek tornado shelters for residents

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The deadly tornado that destroyed a Missouri nursing home three years ago showed that long-term care facilities need to have specially designed shelter areas, says a recently released government report.

Better dementia-related info is needed for families: report

Better dementia-related info is needed for families: report

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Even with advance directives in place, family members making decisions for end-stage dementia patients struggle with the trajectory of the condition, suggests a small study out of Virginia Commonwealth University.

Self-reporting may forewarn memory problems in future

Self-reporting may forewarn memory problems in future

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Men over 60 who self-report memory problems may be predicting later cognitive impairment, new research finds.

Website debuts for HIV-positive seniors

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Clinicians treating people older than 50 with HIV now have a new resource.

Cranberry capsules might prevent UTIs

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Female long-term care residents at a high risk for urinary tract infections who took cranberry capsules twice a day substantially lowered their risk, according to a new study.

Hospitalized seniors likely to need family help, study finds

Hospitalized seniors likely to need family help, study finds

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Nearly half of hospitalized seniors facing a major treatment decision require help from family members, a new study finds.

Chinese extract eases neuropathic pain

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There may be new help for those with inflammatory and neuropathic pain, from a traditional Chinese herb.

Vitamin E slows functional  decline in AD patients: study

Vitamin E slows functional decline in AD patients: study

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Vitamin E could slow down the functional decline of patients with mild or moderate Alzheimer's disease, according to new research.

Quick antipsychotic withdrawal OK: study

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A small Belgian study of people with dementia on low-dose antipsychotics found that abrupt stoppage of the medication, rather than tapering, is a possible solution. Eighty-five percent of 40 patients who stopped abruptly were fine a month later.

Hope for stroke patients may lie in neurorehab treatments

Hope for stroke patients may lie in neurorehab treatments

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Five neurorehabilitation treatments for those recovering from stroke were highlighted in a December Neurology Clinical Practice report.

Low thyroid levels tied to senior mortality

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Older hospital patients who have low thyroid hormone levels have a higher level of mortality, new study results show.

 Therapy animals delay onset of some dementia symptoms

Therapy animals delay onset of some dementia symptoms

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Nursing home residents who interacted with therapy-trained animals showed slower rates of cognitive impairment and lower depression, researchers say.

Caution needed with cognitive enhancers

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Cognitive enhancers, such as donepezil or rivastigmine, do not improve function in those who have mild cognitive impairment over the long term, new research reveals.

Exercise program helps keep residents on their feet: study

Exercise program helps keep residents on their feet: study

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Mobility limitations are often a warning sign for upcoming functional decline in seniors, and exercise can help, according to new research.

Dementia and diabetes risk score debuts

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A new tool can predict the 10-year risk of dementia for patients with diabetes.

Dementia patients face risk  of urinary, fecal incontinence

Dementia patients face risk of urinary, fecal incontinence

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Seniors with dementia are two to three times more likely to have urinary incontinence and four times more likely to have fecal incontinence, according to a new study.

Personalized approach tames diabetes

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An individualized approach to diabetes treatment results in dramatically better results in adults over age 70 with Type 2 diabetes, a new study finds.

Vocal training, use will help seniors keep voices strong

Vocal training, use will help seniors keep voices strong

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The vocalizations of geriatric rats have provided speech language pathologists with new information on how seniors can strengthen their voices.

Heart failure patients surviving longer

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Mortality rates have declined for patients with advanced heart failure during the past two decades, according to new research from UCLA. Still, a third of patients do not survive more than three years after being diagnosed with advanced heart failure, investigators said.

Adult day services benefit mood, stress of caregivers, expert says

Adult day services benefit mood, stress of caregivers, expert says

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Adult day services can literally be a lifesaver to family caregivers living with seniors with dementia, according to new research.

Facilities need better reviews of antibiotic use, expert says

Facilities need better reviews of antibiotic use, expert says

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Skilled nursing facility administrators need to do a complete review of antibiotics to better combat multi-drug resistant organisms, an infection control expert said in May.

Exercise will not cure depression: study

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While exercise has been shown to boost mental health among fit seniors and younger adults, a study out of the United Kingdom indicates mild exercise is not effective in reducing depression among nursing home residents.

Fish oil may bolster immune responses, study asserts

Fish oil may bolster immune responses, study asserts

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In another boost for fish oil, a study has found it enhances the function of B cells, which can benefit immunocompromised individuals.

Stomach acid drugs raise risk of C. diff

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Stomach acid is often treated with medications such as Pepcid, but that could put long-term care residents or hospitalized patients at risk for Clostridium difficile, according to a new analysis.

Higher humidity takes toll on flu virus

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Residents who want a room humid should be obliged because higher humidity levels can significantly reduce the infectiousness of influenza virus particles released by coughing, research shows.

The latest skinny on walking: strong thigh muscles are key

The latest skinny on walking: strong thigh muscles are key

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Older adults who gained the most fat in their thighs and lost the most thigh muscle were at the greatest risk for a clinically meaningful decline in walking speed in a Wake Forest study of more than 2,000 adults between the ages of 70 and 79.

Two new good-mood payoffs: memories, decisions improve

Two new good-mood payoffs: memories, decisions improve

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Boosting the mood of seniors helps them do better on decision-making and working-memory tests, researchers have found. In the first study to demonstrate how a positive mood can help older adults with brain tasks, scientists examined 46 adults ages 63 to 85. Half were given a thank-you card and two small bags of candy tied with a red ribbon when they arrived at the lab. The other half were not.

Study links hormone to asthma-obesity

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Obese people may be prone to asthma because of a hormone called leptin, a new Columbia University study has found.

Drug regimen found effective for common kidney condition

Drug regimen found effective for common kidney condition

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A major clinical trial out of the United Kingdom points a new direction for treating a common form of kidney disease.

Common antipsychotics fuel doubts about safety, efficacy

Common antipsychotics fuel doubts about safety, efficacy

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Piling onto the concerns about off-label use of antipsychotics, a new study has found four of the most common medications lack safety and effectiveness in older adults.

Whooping cough rates soar; shots urged

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Adults over age 65 are being pushed with more emphasis to get the whooping cough (tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis/Tdap) vaccine, which researchers have found to be as safe and effective in the senior population as a traditional tetanus and diphtheria vaccine.

Tool determines readmission risk for heart attack patients

Tool determines readmission risk for heart attack patients

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A new tool can allow physicians to predict which heart attack patients will likely end up back in the hospital.

Delirium is linked to cognitive decline and mortality: study

Delirium is linked to cognitive decline and mortality: study

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Seniors who have experienced episodes of delirium have a significant risk of developing dementia, research suggests.

Unusual fall prevention tool: glass of wine

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Although nursing home medical directors might want to do a little research before prescribing a glass of wine at every meal, there is some evidence that seniors who imbibe would suffer fewer falls.

'Eye writing' device aids paralyzed people

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Nursing home residents who do not have use of their arms or hands could have a new tool at their disposal to help them communicate through the written word — and do so in cursive or script.

'Eye writing' device aids paralyzed people

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Nursing home residents who do not have use of their arms or hands could have a new tool at their disposal to help them communicate through the written word — and do so in cursive or script.

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