Numerous social factors tied to readmission risk for pneumonia and heart failure patients, study says

Share this article:
Providers should consider social factors, such as race, gender and whether a person is a nursing home resident when assessing readmission risk among pneumonia and heart failure patients, new research finds.

After analyzing 20 pneumonia-related studies and 52 heart failure studies, investigators at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center found that social factors out of a providers' control often play a role in predicting readmission risk within 30 days of a hospital patient's discharge. For example, having a low level of education, low income and being unemployed were linked to a higher risk of going back into the hospital among beneficiaries with pneumonia.

Being a nursing home resident also was associated with increased the risk for death and readmission in people with pneumonia, investigators noted. Similarly, they found that among heart-failure patients, people who do not live near hospitals, and those who feel cold in their homes were at an increased risk of dying.

"Different and more intensive follow-up strategies will likely be necessary in these high social-risk patients,” the study authors wrote.

On Oct. 1, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services enacted financial penalties to hospitals with that have high numbers of patients who are readmitted within 30 days of discharge for heart attacks, heart failure and pneumonia.

The study was published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Share this article:

More in News

CMS needs to get nursing home staffing information directly from payroll systems, Congressional leaders say

CMS needs to get nursing home staffing information ...

Federal regulators should start collecting nursing home staffing information directly from payroll systems as soon as possible, members of the Congressional Seniors Task Force said in a letter to a ...

Male CNA who wears women's clothing can pursue charges that nursing home ...

A Texas certified nursing assistant can continue to pursue charges that his former nursing home employer has made false, defamatory statements about him in the job referral process, a federal court recently ruled.

High-profile consumer advocacy group sues over broken Medicare appeals process

Long-term care providers have been outspoken in their criticism of the Medicare appeals process, which has all but ground to a halt. Now a class-action lawsuit says Medicare beneficiaries also are being harmed by the excessively long delays.